1980’s

1980’s

The 1980’s was also a great year for technology. The PC, on a more primitive level was invented however it led to the advancements that we now have. On a floor plan the PC is seen in houses, schools and businesses. Now that we have more of an advancement PC’s are also seen in bags and in cars and on airplanes.

In 1983 the first Cabbage Patch Kid doll was sold. Since their creation, the dolls have gone on to become one of the highest selling dolls of all time. On a floor plan these dolls can be seen in children’s rooms and in their beds. The dolls were very light so they were easy to carry around as well in cars, road trips and on board airplanes. These dolls were everywhere. My mother used to use them to put her sewing needles in so that she wouldn’t lose them.

In 1984 one of music, video game and storage greatest inventions was created, the CD-ROM. Because of this creation people are able to save bigger files, watch movies anywhere and unlike the tape, they are able to select what they want to see or hear at anytime without going through the whole tape.

1984 and 1985 brought on the biggest conglomerates of all time technology wise, Apple and Microsoft. These two companies revolutionized computers and brought on a war for who was ahead technology wise without treading on each others shoes. They each had their own vision therefore their designs in software were different. In modern times, people say whether they are a windows user or an apple user because when you swap over to the other system/computer things are different and more confusing. In terms of a floor plan computers/operating systems during those time were usually found in study rooms or in bedrooms.

In 1987 the disposable camera was invented, another product that is rarely seen these days but an amazing invention during its time. People were able to take holiday snaps for a cheap price and drop it off to be developed. For children it was a fun time because their parents were no longer concerned about giving them their expensive photo equipment therefore kids were more likely to have used one once in their life time. In terms of a floor plan, these cameras were usually seen on kitchen counters and tables in rooms, usually children’s rooms.

In 1988 and 1989 the world saw massive developments in cell phones and in television’s. Cell phones finally had a digital interface, no where near as good as today however it was the beginning of its reinvention. In terms of television, this was the beginning of the High-definition television as we know it.

References

Bellis, M. (2015). What Were the Key Inventions of the ’80s?. [online] About.com Money. Available at: http://inventors.about.com/od/timelines/a/modern_3.htm [Accessed 15 Aug. 2015].

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1970’s

1970’s

The 1970’s was the year for technology. In 1970 the floppy disk was invented by Alan Shugart. Prior to that invention it was border line impossible to transfer files from one computer to another therefore this invention started a revolution which would eventually lead to the creation of portable hard drives and USB’s decades later. Even though floppy disks are now obsolete they definitely were a powerful invention during their time. In terms of on a floor plan, floppy disks would be scene on computer desks, inside brief cases and on children’s computer desks.

indexOne of the most important inventions of all time was also found in 1973 by Xerox and Robert Metcalfe, the internet. Before this, people did not have any way to search for things online or do their research on their computer, people had to go to libraries to do so therefore the internet brought a lot of convenience into schools and house holds.

In TV technology, James Fergason invented the the liquid-crystal display (LCD) and the first video game ever, Pong, was created by Nolan Bushnell. Even though the game was very simple it too paved the way for the multi-billion dollar gaming industry and unleashed the creativity in game makers in what they can do virtually.

In 1975 and 1976 printers were also renovated when the laser printer was invented and the ink-jet printer. Prior to this printing was slow and not convenient. People could know have printers in their own homes and could move them around more conveniently.

In 1979 people no longer had to stay at home to wait for a phone call because that was the year when cell phones were created. People could now be anywhere and still receive a phone call. Cell phones became so popular that in recent times home phones have become a rarity in modern houses. In terms of a floor plan, cell phones would be seen everywhere from pockets to desks, cars to backpacks.

Right before the year ended the walkman was also invented. People could now walk around listening to music instead of playing it out loud on a boom box. Because of the invention of the walkman we are able to listen to whatever we want, whenever we want without making noise for other people and without shame.

References:

Bellis, M. (2015). What Were the Key Inventions of the ’70s?. [online] About.com Money. Available at: http://inventors.about.com/od/timelines/a/modern_3.htm [Accessed 15 Aug. 2015].

1960’s

1960’s

The Etch A Sketch was a toy that was created in the 1960’s but has managed to survive the tests of time as one of the most long lasting toys in production. As can be seen, the Etch A Sketch was featured in famous “Toy Story” movies, amongst other famous toy characters. The reason why I liked this prop is because it was one of those iconic toys that was used in animation and film over the years and no matter whom you are, you know what an Etch A Sketch and gives you fond memories of when you were waiting in the doctor’s office for your dad or in the car as you waited for yoMTS_tylersada-1401164-1960sRetroFloorPlanur mom to leave the shop, knowing full well that she shouldn’t have left you in the car in the first place. Etch A Sketches were, floor plan wise, one of those objects that could be found in children’s bedrooms, or on the couch or in cars, backpacks – basically everywhere.

Audio Cassette’s were also invented in the 1960’s and have come to signify the progression of music formats. Even when they became borderline obsolete they still remained heavily implanted in society through them being used as a model for telephone covers, jewelry, paintings and so on. In modern times, shows that are based on that time tend to use the cassette to bring nostalgia to people who were part of that experience and those who wished they had been. For the music industry it was that prop that made people feel passionate about their music but having said that, I am an 80’s baby and had the privilege of saying that I was there when people were ‘pushing’ cassettes to get their names out there. I dare admit even being that jerk who cuts peoples tapes when they disrespected me. I never said that… that was a massive typo.

In terms of the floor plan the tape was one of those things that was there everywhere from in the house, the car and dare I say, in between of my teeth when I didn’t like the music. Nowadays tapes are used as a template for design on earrings, t-shirts and necklaces. Furthermore, tapes are considered vintage and cool that they appear as well in pop art artwork.

REFERENCES

Bellis, M. (2015). What Were the Key Inventions of the ’70s? [online] About.com Money. Available at: http://inventors.about.com/od/timelines/a/modern_2.htm [Accessed 2 Jun. 2015].

C2.thejournal.ie, (2015). The Journal. [online] Available at: http://c2.thejournal.ie/media/2013/05/toy-story-3.jpg [Accessed 2 Jun. 2015].

telephone cup in the making

After viewing a photo of children in the early 1900’s and how they created their own toys and imagination unlike nowadays i decided to start recreating some of those toys. The tin telephone which was created in the 1600s made a splash in the 1900’s as it became implemented in the curriculum for preschool and elementary school to teach them about sound vibrations. Being kids, they took their knowledge from school and and brought it to their backyards.  Tin can telephones became the new thing on the streets for children because not only was it fun but it was cheap and easy the make.IMG_20150616_131517

1950’s: Costume, Makeup and Styling

The 1950’s were the years where women no longer had to ration out their clothes and fabric was being manufactured in excess. During World War II and the 1940s, clothing was greatly influenced by rationing and limited quantities of fabrics, threads and needles, so the most popular look was a simple outfit using as little of these much in demand resources as possible.

Once World War II and rationing ended, a new availability of different types of fabrics and larger quantities of these fabrics allowed a new type of fashion to bloom during the fifties, especially in the United States. Women’s dresses in particular exploded with excess fabric, showing off intricate gatherings, a multitude of pleats, poofy petticoats, and fabulous collars, all made of the best taffeta, nylon, rayon, wool and leather in the brightest and boldest patterns and colors.

The 1950’s marked the beginning of one of the biggest economic booms in US history and spurred the rise of consumerism and American excess that has defined a lot of the current culture in the US and worldwide for the past sixty years. Style Clothing became an important part of culture in the 1950s, with the country going through many societal and cultural changes. It would showcase one’s place in society more so than ever before and became a way to express conformity and individual identity.

The woman’s role, body image and fashion too started to change during the 50’s.

Because of the end of World War II and the economic boom, men were sent back to work in record numbers. This meant that two of the primary driving forces behind the consumerism of the 1950s were housewives and the baby boom. In nearly all of the department store catalogs used to compile this section on fashion of the 1950’s marketing was geared towards women. Descriptions of clothing included subtle cues that certain clothing and fashionable looks would help women either please their husbands or help them find a husband. Even the descriptions of men’s clothing indicated that women would most likely be choosing and purchasing the clothing for their husbands. There was also a certain way that women were expected to look.

Fifties fashion also helped to define a woman’s place in society, especially for wives. Five different types of outfits began to emerge for women during the decade, each with a definite and rigid purpose. Women’s clothing could for the first time be easily sorted into clothing for housework or lounging around the home, going out to run errands or conduct business, maternity wear, party-appropriate clothing for social gatherings, or, for women of a lower socio-economic station than the emerging middle class, work uniforms. These different styles were meant to impress and please others including husbands, neighbors, friends and employers, with much less emphasis on whether these fashions expressed the individual identity of the women who wore them.

At the end of the 1950’s, we start to see less conservative styles appear. Sexier silhouettes with tighter skirts, shirts and dresses start to show up for women. Rebellious looks for men also emerge with leather motorcycle jackets, studded boots, and bolder patterned shirts and sweaters becoming popular at the latter end of the decade. Girls and women start to get more clothing options in terms of pants and shorts with pedal pushers, Bermuda shorts, and tapered leggings featuring prominently in style trends.

REFERENCES

Thomas, P. (2015). 1950s Fashion History, Costume History 50s, Social History Timeline. [online] Fashion-era.com. Available at: http://www.fashion-era.com/1950s/ [Accessed 3 Jun. 2015].

1940’s: Costume, Makeup and Styling

1940s Utility ClothesThe 1940’s were the years where fashion was once again affected by the  wartime. Women’s clothes of the 1940s were typically modeled after the utility clothes produced during war rationing. The military needed to make sure that they had enough fabric to last them until the war was over. Squared shoulders, narrow hips, and skirts that ended just below the knee were the height of fashion. Tailored suits were also quite popular.

Utility clothes typically featured squared shoulders, narrow hips, and skirts that ended just below the knee. Tailored suits were the dominant form of utility fashion.

Most of the women’s fashions during the 1940s were designed with the same squared shoulders, small waist, and skirt above the knee. Do-it-yourself home fashions were encouraged, and women were educated on how to conserve material or update older dresses to the latest fashions. Again, these fashions reflected the style of the utility clothes.

It was not unusual for women to remake different dresses or blouses over and over again using the same recycled fabric. For better or for worse, women learnt how to be creative and save money. Sometimes

Blouses were worn frequently with skirts. Blouses typically had padded shoulders.

By 1947, after WWII was over, fashion  began to replace the wartime utility fashions as fabrics were starting to become more abundant and the restrictions were lifted. The new style post wartime embraced femininity, with rounded shoulders, shapely bust lines, closely-defined waistlines, slightly padded skirts, and full, billowing skirts that hung just below the calves.

The 1940’s also saw the increase in popularity for sweaters. Teenage girls began to sport sweaters, knee-length skirts, and bobby socks during the 1940s. The style held over into the 1950s, but the 1940s skirts were not as full.

As for makeup, as the 1930s came to a close, 1940’s women makeup was a huge industry, with brands such as Coty and Tangee notably becoming major rivals to cosmetic brand leaders like Max Factor, Helena Rubinstein, Maybelline, Elisabeth Arden and Dorothy Gray. Not even another world war was going to halt the advance of glamour.

Makeup had to be ‘on the go’ for women, many of whom found themselves working in very ‘unfeminine’ conditions in munitions and aircraft factories on both sides of the Atlantic. 1940’s Rouges were often in short supply in Britain and Europe, so many women simply used their lipstick to rouge and contour their faces. Nail coloring still followed the half moon look of the previous decades but now just the tip of the nail was left unpainted – generally for practical reasons.

REFERENCES

Hilke, J. (2015). Women’s Clothing – 1940s – Clothing – Dating – Landscape Change Program. [online] Uvm.edu. Available at: http://www.uvm.edu/landscape/dating/clothing_and_hair/1940s_clothing_women.php [Accessed 4 Jun. 2015].

The 1940’s • 1940-1949 • Fashion History Movies Music, (2015). Women’s Fashion • The 1940’s • 1940-1949 • Fashion History Movies Music. [online] Available at: http://1940s.org/fashion/women [Accessed 2 Jun. 2015].

1930’s: Costume, Makeup and Styling

The 1930’s started off with the lighthearted fashion of the 1920’s however by the end of the year the Great Depression which started in 1929 was finally starting to have an impact on society and fashion – all good things eventually must come to an end.

Women started to become more conservative and so did their sense of style. Women started to wear longer skirts and the waist-line was transitioned back to the normal position in an attempt to revert back to the traditional womanly look.

Some aspects of the 1920’s took a bit longer to become unpopular such as the cloche hats which became phased out in the 1933 but short hair still remained popular (Thomas, 2015).

The 1930’s were a year where Paris couturiers such as Elsa Schiaparelli and Lucien LeLong realized that American cinema was a good platform to promote their fashion to the masses by dressing the actors up.

LeLong said “We, the couturiers, can no longer live without the cinema any more than the cinema can live without us. We corroborate each others’ instinct. A good example of this was the 1890’s leg-o–mutton sleeves that were made for the 1931 movie Cimarron by Walter Plunkett because they led to the launch of the broad-shouldered look. Designer Adrian created a puff-sleeved gown for the film Letty Lynton and the design was reproduced by Macy’s and went on to sell over 500,000 copies in the US. Such costumes were further popularized by being featured in film fan magazines and influential fashion magazines such as Harper’s Bazaar and Vogue (Vintag.es, 2014).

 In terms of the women’s figures, through the mid 1930’s there was focus on the natural waistline complemented by an empire line and boleros. In the late 1930’s the focus was on the back with increases in halter necklines and backless evening gowns that were high-neck and sleeves.

Skirts remained at mid-calf length for day, but the end of the 1930s Paris designers were showing fuller skirts reaching just below the knee and this would remain in style for day dresses through the war years.

The trend of wearing matching ensembles such as matching dresses, shirts of coats became popular and would be warn with gloves.

REFERENCES

Thomas, P. (2015). Hats and Hair Fashion History 1920-1930. [online] Fashion-era.com. Available at: http://www.fashion-era.com/hats-hair/hats_hair_7_fashion_history_1920_1930.htm [Accessed 4 Jun. 2015].

Vintag.es, (2014). vintage everyday: Wonderful Vogue Covers of the 1930s. [online] Available at: http://www.vintag.es/2014/08/wonderful-vogue-covers-of-the1930s.html [Accessed 1 Jun. 2015].

1920’s: Costume, Make Up and Styling

The 1920’s is the decade when fashion started to become more modern.Women began to abandon restrictive fashions in favor of comfortable clothes such as short skirts and trousers. Men also began to wear more comfortable clothes such as athletic clothing instead of the traditional formal attire that they had become accustomed to.

At the beginning, people felt uncomfortable to try the new styles in fear of what others might think but as the decade went on, things started to change. 1925 is when the public finally embraced the new changes and that is where the affectionate name for the 1920’s, the ‘Roaring Twenties’, came from.During this period, there was a huge development in both men and women’s clothing in terms of clothing and attitudes.

For women, women’s dresses changed drastically as they became shorter and there were a group of young women who were considered as ‘Flappers’ because they wore bob hair cuts and danced the Charleston in short dresses. This movement help redefine women’s fashion (Thinglink.com, 2015).

After WWI ended, the United States entered a prosperous era and societal customs and morals became more relaxed as people felt more optimistic that the war was over and that the stock market was booming. Prior to this it was frowned upon for women to work because a woman’s place was in the house taking care of the family but after the war there was a record number of women joining the working force. Furthermore alcohol prohibition was ignored by many.

As they entered the workforce, women appeared to get more confident and got more rights such as voting and trends became more accessible.

The developments of new fabrics also helped with the 1920’s fashion and there was an abundance of cotton and wool. Furthermore improved production methods led to cheaper clothing for the working families which was a bonus.

Undergarments also began to change as well after WWI and women conformed to the ideals of a flatter chest and boyish figure. The corset was no longer an essential part of the fashion industry so women started to discard them and going for the chemise, camisole or bloomers. Lingerie became popular in this decade.

The 1920’s were also the first time in centuries where women could showcase their legs hemlines rising to their knees. Since the boy look was popular among the women new haircuts that were short also became popular such as the bob cut, Eton crop and the Marcel wave. Coco Chanel was one of the first women to be different by wearing trousers, cutting her hair and refusing to wear the corset (Pearson, 2015).

REFERENCES

Pearson, T. (2015). Fashion Clothing and Accessories From The 1920s with Prices and Examples. [online] Thepeoplehistory.com. Available at: http://www.thepeoplehistory.com/20sclothes.html [Accessed 4 Jun. 2015].

Thinglink.com, (2015). Flappers by Trey. [online] Available at: https://www.thinglink.com/scene/381439081160114178 [Accessed 2 Jun. 2015].

1910’s: COSTUME, MAKEUP AND STYLING

1910’s were the years when the Great War would occur and come to an end in the 1914-1918 and it led to people becoming excited (after the war) because they went from the somber practical garments worn during the Great War and embrace more rich and exotic styles.

Women wore skirts that no longer touched the floor and well above the ankle. Women were starting to abandon the ‘Gibson Hair’ and going for the more edgier bob hair. These advances were helping to set the stage for the 1920’s Jazz Age.

The early 1910’s saw the fashionable silhouette become more soft than that of the 1910’s. People started to experience with more different fabrics and couturier Paul Poiret took advantage of the new interest in oriental fabrics.

Poiret made clothes for his clients that looked like that of harem girls by creating clothing that had flowing pantaloons, turbans and vivid colors (Metmuseum.org, 2015).

The Art Deco movement was beginning to emerge therefore its influence was evident in the couturiers of the time.

The extravagant hats and headgear styles we had seen in the 1900’s were replaced with felt hats, turbans and clouds of tulle.

The 1900’s were the first time in history that fashion shows were organized by the first female couturier, Jeanne Paquin. Other famous designers of that time were Jacques Doucet and Mariano Fortuny.

Parisian couturiers came in a variety of shapes but the tunic silhouette over long underskirts were most popular.

1914 saw the creation of hobble shirts which were sometimes impractical because they were wide at the hips but very narrow at the ankle therefore making long strides impossible (Alookthrutime.wordpress.com, 2015).

Waistlines were loose and softly defined. They gradually dropped to near the natural waist by mid-decade, where they were to remain through the war years. Tunics became longer and underskirts fuller and shorter. By 1916 women were wearing calf-length dresses.

When the Paris fashion houses reopened after the war, styles for 1919 showed a lowered and even more undefined waist (Alookthrutime.wordpress.com, 2015).

Women started to become more active with dance and sport therefore they started to remove corsets at parties so that they could move more freely. This led to a more variety in types of corsets to be designed.

In terms of history, the 1910’s were the year of a lot of devastation and helped show how fashion can have an impact on the events around them. For example when the Titanic sank in the 1912’s people were allowed on the life boats based on their class and the way they could tell the class was through the clothes they were wearing. There was a clear difference in each classes clothes.

World War I also occurred in the 1914-1918.

REFERENCES

Alookthrutime.wordpress.com, (2015). Jacques Doucet French designer | ALookThruTime. [online] Available at: https://alookthrutime.wordpress.com/tag/jacques-doucet-french-designer/ [Accessed 3 Jun. 2015].

Metmuseum.org, (2015). Paul Poiret (1879–1944) | Thematic Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art. [online] Available at: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/poir/hd_poir.htm [Accessed 6 Jun. 2015].