telephone cup in the making

After viewing a photo of children in the early 1900’s and how they created their own toys and imagination unlike nowadays i decided to start recreating some of those toys. The tin telephone which was created in the 1600s made a splash in the 1900’s as it became implemented in the curriculum for preschool and elementary school to teach them about sound vibrations. Being kids, they took their knowledge from school and and brought it to their backyards.  Tin can telephones became the new thing on the streets for children because not only was it fun but it was cheap and easy the make.IMG_20150616_131517


1950’s: Costume, Makeup and Styling

The 1950’s were the years where women no longer had to ration out their clothes and fabric was being manufactured in excess. During World War II and the 1940s, clothing was greatly influenced by rationing and limited quantities of fabrics, threads and needles, so the most popular look was a simple outfit using as little of these much in demand resources as possible.

Once World War II and rationing ended, a new availability of different types of fabrics and larger quantities of these fabrics allowed a new type of fashion to bloom during the fifties, especially in the United States. Women’s dresses in particular exploded with excess fabric, showing off intricate gatherings, a multitude of pleats, poofy petticoats, and fabulous collars, all made of the best taffeta, nylon, rayon, wool and leather in the brightest and boldest patterns and colors.

The 1950’s marked the beginning of one of the biggest economic booms in US history and spurred the rise of consumerism and American excess that has defined a lot of the current culture in the US and worldwide for the past sixty years. Style Clothing became an important part of culture in the 1950s, with the country going through many societal and cultural changes. It would showcase one’s place in society more so than ever before and became a way to express conformity and individual identity.

The woman’s role, body image and fashion too started to change during the 50’s.

Because of the end of World War II and the economic boom, men were sent back to work in record numbers. This meant that two of the primary driving forces behind the consumerism of the 1950s were housewives and the baby boom. In nearly all of the department store catalogs used to compile this section on fashion of the 1950’s marketing was geared towards women. Descriptions of clothing included subtle cues that certain clothing and fashionable looks would help women either please their husbands or help them find a husband. Even the descriptions of men’s clothing indicated that women would most likely be choosing and purchasing the clothing for their husbands. There was also a certain way that women were expected to look.

Fifties fashion also helped to define a woman’s place in society, especially for wives. Five different types of outfits began to emerge for women during the decade, each with a definite and rigid purpose. Women’s clothing could for the first time be easily sorted into clothing for housework or lounging around the home, going out to run errands or conduct business, maternity wear, party-appropriate clothing for social gatherings, or, for women of a lower socio-economic station than the emerging middle class, work uniforms. These different styles were meant to impress and please others including husbands, neighbors, friends and employers, with much less emphasis on whether these fashions expressed the individual identity of the women who wore them.

At the end of the 1950’s, we start to see less conservative styles appear. Sexier silhouettes with tighter skirts, shirts and dresses start to show up for women. Rebellious looks for men also emerge with leather motorcycle jackets, studded boots, and bolder patterned shirts and sweaters becoming popular at the latter end of the decade. Girls and women start to get more clothing options in terms of pants and shorts with pedal pushers, Bermuda shorts, and tapered leggings featuring prominently in style trends.


Thomas, P. (2015). 1950s Fashion History, Costume History 50s, Social History Timeline. [online] Available at: [Accessed 3 Jun. 2015].

1940’s: Costume, Makeup and Styling

1940s Utility ClothesThe 1940’s were the years where fashion was once again affected by the  wartime. Women’s clothes of the 1940s were typically modeled after the utility clothes produced during war rationing. The military needed to make sure that they had enough fabric to last them until the war was over. Squared shoulders, narrow hips, and skirts that ended just below the knee were the height of fashion. Tailored suits were also quite popular.

Utility clothes typically featured squared shoulders, narrow hips, and skirts that ended just below the knee. Tailored suits were the dominant form of utility fashion.

Most of the women’s fashions during the 1940s were designed with the same squared shoulders, small waist, and skirt above the knee. Do-it-yourself home fashions were encouraged, and women were educated on how to conserve material or update older dresses to the latest fashions. Again, these fashions reflected the style of the utility clothes.

It was not unusual for women to remake different dresses or blouses over and over again using the same recycled fabric. For better or for worse, women learnt how to be creative and save money. Sometimes

Blouses were worn frequently with skirts. Blouses typically had padded shoulders.

By 1947, after WWII was over, fashion  began to replace the wartime utility fashions as fabrics were starting to become more abundant and the restrictions were lifted. The new style post wartime embraced femininity, with rounded shoulders, shapely bust lines, closely-defined waistlines, slightly padded skirts, and full, billowing skirts that hung just below the calves.

The 1940’s also saw the increase in popularity for sweaters. Teenage girls began to sport sweaters, knee-length skirts, and bobby socks during the 1940s. The style held over into the 1950s, but the 1940s skirts were not as full.

As for makeup, as the 1930s came to a close, 1940’s women makeup was a huge industry, with brands such as Coty and Tangee notably becoming major rivals to cosmetic brand leaders like Max Factor, Helena Rubinstein, Maybelline, Elisabeth Arden and Dorothy Gray. Not even another world war was going to halt the advance of glamour.

Makeup had to be ‘on the go’ for women, many of whom found themselves working in very ‘unfeminine’ conditions in munitions and aircraft factories on both sides of the Atlantic. 1940’s Rouges were often in short supply in Britain and Europe, so many women simply used their lipstick to rouge and contour their faces. Nail coloring still followed the half moon look of the previous decades but now just the tip of the nail was left unpainted – generally for practical reasons.


Hilke, J. (2015). Women’s Clothing – 1940s – Clothing – Dating – Landscape Change Program. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Jun. 2015].

The 1940’s • 1940-1949 • Fashion History Movies Music, (2015). Women’s Fashion • The 1940’s • 1940-1949 • Fashion History Movies Music. [online] Available at: [Accessed 2 Jun. 2015].

1930’s: Costume, Makeup and Styling

The 1930’s started off with the lighthearted fashion of the 1920’s however by the end of the year the Great Depression which started in 1929 was finally starting to have an impact on society and fashion – all good things eventually must come to an end.

Women started to become more conservative and so did their sense of style. Women started to wear longer skirts and the waist-line was transitioned back to the normal position in an attempt to revert back to the traditional womanly look.

Some aspects of the 1920’s took a bit longer to become unpopular such as the cloche hats which became phased out in the 1933 but short hair still remained popular (Thomas, 2015).

The 1930’s were a year where Paris couturiers such as Elsa Schiaparelli and Lucien LeLong realized that American cinema was a good platform to promote their fashion to the masses by dressing the actors up.

LeLong said “We, the couturiers, can no longer live without the cinema any more than the cinema can live without us. We corroborate each others’ instinct. A good example of this was the 1890’s leg-o–mutton sleeves that were made for the 1931 movie Cimarron by Walter Plunkett because they led to the launch of the broad-shouldered look. Designer Adrian created a puff-sleeved gown for the film Letty Lynton and the design was reproduced by Macy’s and went on to sell over 500,000 copies in the US. Such costumes were further popularized by being featured in film fan magazines and influential fashion magazines such as Harper’s Bazaar and Vogue (, 2014).

 In terms of the women’s figures, through the mid 1930’s there was focus on the natural waistline complemented by an empire line and boleros. In the late 1930’s the focus was on the back with increases in halter necklines and backless evening gowns that were high-neck and sleeves.

Skirts remained at mid-calf length for day, but the end of the 1930s Paris designers were showing fuller skirts reaching just below the knee and this would remain in style for day dresses through the war years.

The trend of wearing matching ensembles such as matching dresses, shirts of coats became popular and would be warn with gloves.


Thomas, P. (2015). Hats and Hair Fashion History 1920-1930. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Jun. 2015]., (2014). vintage everyday: Wonderful Vogue Covers of the 1930s. [online] Available at: [Accessed 1 Jun. 2015].

1920’s: Costume, Make Up and Styling

The 1920’s is the decade when fashion started to become more modern.Women began to abandon restrictive fashions in favor of comfortable clothes such as short skirts and trousers. Men also began to wear more comfortable clothes such as athletic clothing instead of the traditional formal attire that they had become accustomed to.

At the beginning, people felt uncomfortable to try the new styles in fear of what others might think but as the decade went on, things started to change. 1925 is when the public finally embraced the new changes and that is where the affectionate name for the 1920’s, the ‘Roaring Twenties’, came from.During this period, there was a huge development in both men and women’s clothing in terms of clothing and attitudes.

For women, women’s dresses changed drastically as they became shorter and there were a group of young women who were considered as ‘Flappers’ because they wore bob hair cuts and danced the Charleston in short dresses. This movement help redefine women’s fashion (, 2015).

After WWI ended, the United States entered a prosperous era and societal customs and morals became more relaxed as people felt more optimistic that the war was over and that the stock market was booming. Prior to this it was frowned upon for women to work because a woman’s place was in the house taking care of the family but after the war there was a record number of women joining the working force. Furthermore alcohol prohibition was ignored by many.

As they entered the workforce, women appeared to get more confident and got more rights such as voting and trends became more accessible.

The developments of new fabrics also helped with the 1920’s fashion and there was an abundance of cotton and wool. Furthermore improved production methods led to cheaper clothing for the working families which was a bonus.

Undergarments also began to change as well after WWI and women conformed to the ideals of a flatter chest and boyish figure. The corset was no longer an essential part of the fashion industry so women started to discard them and going for the chemise, camisole or bloomers. Lingerie became popular in this decade.

The 1920’s were also the first time in centuries where women could showcase their legs hemlines rising to their knees. Since the boy look was popular among the women new haircuts that were short also became popular such as the bob cut, Eton crop and the Marcel wave. Coco Chanel was one of the first women to be different by wearing trousers, cutting her hair and refusing to wear the corset (Pearson, 2015).


Pearson, T. (2015). Fashion Clothing and Accessories From The 1920s with Prices and Examples. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Jun. 2015]., (2015). Flappers by Trey. [online] Available at: [Accessed 2 Jun. 2015].


1910’s were the years when the Great War would occur and come to an end in the 1914-1918 and it led to people becoming excited (after the war) because they went from the somber practical garments worn during the Great War and embrace more rich and exotic styles.

Women wore skirts that no longer touched the floor and well above the ankle. Women were starting to abandon the ‘Gibson Hair’ and going for the more edgier bob hair. These advances were helping to set the stage for the 1920’s Jazz Age.

The early 1910’s saw the fashionable silhouette become more soft than that of the 1910’s. People started to experience with more different fabrics and couturier Paul Poiret took advantage of the new interest in oriental fabrics.

Poiret made clothes for his clients that looked like that of harem girls by creating clothing that had flowing pantaloons, turbans and vivid colors (, 2015).

The Art Deco movement was beginning to emerge therefore its influence was evident in the couturiers of the time.

The extravagant hats and headgear styles we had seen in the 1900’s were replaced with felt hats, turbans and clouds of tulle.

The 1900’s were the first time in history that fashion shows were organized by the first female couturier, Jeanne Paquin. Other famous designers of that time were Jacques Doucet and Mariano Fortuny.

Parisian couturiers came in a variety of shapes but the tunic silhouette over long underskirts were most popular.

1914 saw the creation of hobble shirts which were sometimes impractical because they were wide at the hips but very narrow at the ankle therefore making long strides impossible (, 2015).

Waistlines were loose and softly defined. They gradually dropped to near the natural waist by mid-decade, where they were to remain through the war years. Tunics became longer and underskirts fuller and shorter. By 1916 women were wearing calf-length dresses.

When the Paris fashion houses reopened after the war, styles for 1919 showed a lowered and even more undefined waist (, 2015).

Women started to become more active with dance and sport therefore they started to remove corsets at parties so that they could move more freely. This led to a more variety in types of corsets to be designed.

In terms of history, the 1910’s were the year of a lot of devastation and helped show how fashion can have an impact on the events around them. For example when the Titanic sank in the 1912’s people were allowed on the life boats based on their class and the way they could tell the class was through the clothes they were wearing. There was a clear difference in each classes clothes.

World War I also occurred in the 1914-1918.

REFERENCES, (2015). Jacques Doucet French designer | ALookThruTime. [online] Available at: [Accessed 3 Jun. 2015]., (2015). Paul Poiret (1879–1944) | Thematic Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Jun. 2015].


The 1900’s fashion unlike the previous century saw fashion at the height of the beautiful era, also referred to as the Belle Epoch and it encouraged simplicity style wise however the details on the clothing were still elaborate but the fussy trimmings and unnatural lines we had seen in the previous century were phased out.

The trend was also further intensified due to practicality and commonsense that came with the side effects of war allowing two great principles in women’s dress were established, freedom and convenience.

In European influenced countries, fashion continued to embrace the long elegant lines of the 1890s. Women would often be seen donning “Gibson Girl” hairstyles

and a lot of broad hats. Women were also seen wearing tall, stiff collars during that period (, 2015).

As the decade progressed, women were starting to abandon the corset as a garment that indispensable for fashionable women due to the new, columnar silhouette that was introduced by the couturiers of Paris.

The decline of the bustle led to the increase in size in sleeves and the hourglass shape that we had seen in the 1830s started to become popular again. Women who were confident were perceived to have a fashionable silhouette with full low chest and curvy hips. Unlike the previous years, the corset was looser and pressure was removed from the abdomen in order to create an S- curve silhouette (, 2015).

Since the silhouettes were more slimmed, blouses and dresses were more full in the front and created a ‘pigeon breast’ shape and skirts often contained a train and brushed on the floor. As the decade progressed, the overall silhouette became more narrow and straight beginning a trend that would go into the years of the Great War.

The 1900’s also saw the rise of Parisian haute couture for women of all classes. Designers would send mannequins or fashion models to the Longchamp races wearing the latest styles and fashion photographs identified the creators of individual gowns.

On events, when women went out, they would tend to wear huge hats trimmed with lots of feathers and at times stuffed birds such as the male hummingbird, if you were wealthy. Other hats were decorated with ribbons and fake flowers. The bigger the better. Large hats were worn with evening wear.

By the end of the decade, hats had smaller drooping brims that shaded the face and deep crowns, and the overall top-heavy effect remained (Thomas, 2015).


Thomas, P. (2015). Hats and Hair Fashion History 1900-1920. Edwardian hairstyles. [online] Available at: [Accessed 3 Jun. 2015]., (2015). Toronto Public Library. [online] Available at: [Accessed 7 Jun. 2015]., (2015). Corsets in the Early 20th Century – Victoria and Albert Museum. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Jun. 2015].

ETB Mood Boards for Movie “Pieces” by Daniel Baylis


Catherine Lamar is in the Ward, being questioned on the death of her fiancé, Sal. She is shaking and clearly unstable.

2. The First Explosion

The Shrink, a composed and calm professional, pushes her for answers. She has a flash of memory, seeing Sal bleeding. Catherine Breaks down, whispering and whimpering to herself

3. Problem Solving Vacuum

Catherine is realising that Sal really is dead and feeling lost and alone. Her mental health is deteriorating

4. Problem Solving Attraction

Catherine composes herself and begins walking the shrink through what she remembers

5. Potential Problem Solving Digits

The shrink and Catherine realise that there are parts of her memories that don’t add up.

6. Solution Selection

Catherine walks the shrink through another version of the events, this time focusing on the details. (the first mention of the archer)

7. New Problem Solution Priority Order

Although Catherine doesn’t want to relive that day she may finally get closure

8. The Second Explosion

The archer appears to Catherine in the ward, forcing her to piece it together, forcing her to truly relive that day.

9. The climax revealed that Catherine killed Sal after he cut a deal with the enemy for their lives, she plunged a knife into his throat and created the archer as a way of dealing with it. Catherine CONCEPT PROPOSAL: Pieces begins realizing where she is and attacks the shrink. The archer has his bow drawn and aims at the shrink.

10. Final Problem Solving Priority Order

The shrink signals and Mantis guards restrain Catherine and escort her out of the room. The Shrink tells her that they’ll begin again tomorrow, implying that this has been going on for


Creating the Past: My Magic World

This will probably be one of the most ambitious projects I will ever do… It will be a baby paper light boxes that is referred to in history as a magic light. The idea is that it will hang on the wall but will obviously use modern technology to pull off and the traditional silhouette imagery of a bird cage with stars and an owl or bird to create a fantasy(so that I don’t burn down the house). The brainstorming idea is me recycling a huge piece of wood that I found on the streets because I believe in recycling and everything else will be new. A little bit of old, a little bit of new.

References:,. ‘Kxcdn’. N.p., 2015. Web. 4 June 2015.